Tuesday, May 26, 2020
Get Your Research Paper Prepared For a PhD in Social Work ProgramIf you are one of the many people who want to be able to receive your Masters degree in Social Work, but you don't have the time or the energy to go through an intense course program, getting a research paper just might be your best option. The good news is that a research paper is actually one of the best ways to help you prepare for your actual Masters in Social Work program. The first thing that you will need to do before you can get your PhD in Social Work is to create a research plan.To start with, you will need to develop a research plan that has detailed objectives. Then you will have to write a proposal for a dissertation. After this, you will have to write a research paper.There are many steps that you will need to take in order to have a research paper that is written for your Master's program. One of the most important parts of this process is to follow the directions given to you by your adviser, faculty adv isor, or anyone else who has been assigned to assist you in completing your program. Following all of the steps that you have been assigned will ensure that you can get the degree that you deserve.Once you have completed your research, you will have to submit the paper to a committee. Make sure that you get all of the necessary information from them in order to avoid any problems down the road. The information that you will need to have included in your research paper includes the title of the paper, the authors, the title of the article, and the year that it was published.The title of your research paper should be enough to get people talking. It is important that your paper is concise, yet you should not forget to include plenty of information on the topic that you cover. A research paper is not a standalone piece of writing. The important thing is that you use your research paper to support your thesis.Writing a research paper is not an easy thing to do. Even if you have years of experience in doing this kind of work, it is never a good idea to rush the writing process. You should remember that when you are submitting your research paper, your faculty adviser will be reading the paper and evaluating it. Even if they have all of the answers that you need to have, there is no way that you will be able to convince them of your point of view.So, if you want to be able to graduate from college with a Master's degree in Social Work, then you will need to follow through with your research papers. They are going to help you make the connections that you need to make in order to achieve your goals. Also, remember that once you complete your Master's program, you will have a much better chance of getting a job and a career in social work.
Saturday, May 16, 2020
What does it mean to be a remarkable individual in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society compared to the 1800Ã¢â¬â¢s? Mark Twain exposes the flaws and morality of white society through fourteen year old protagonist, Huck Finn, in his satiric novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, set during the Antebellum South, Mississippi River published in 1884. The novel criticizes the racism, slavery, and the hypocrisy that existed in the white Ã¢â¬Å"civilizedÃ¢â¬ society to provoke a social change. Walt Whitman continues the same ideology in his poem, Ã¢â¬Å"Song of Myself,Ã¢â¬ from the Leaves of Grass collection voices his opinion on the racial prejudice he witnessed through a philosophical point of view about the universe. As a transcendentalist, Whitman strongly advocates for the unityÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Widow Douglas forces Huck into white society standards by making him wear new clothes, come when called, pray before dinner, and listen about Mosses after dinner (para. 3 and 4). W idow Douglas wants Huck to be Ã¢â¬Å"civilizedÃ¢â¬ as she correlates being well-behaved with being able to enter heaven. She believes Huck not complying with her rules determines if Huck will being go to Ã¢â¬Å"the bad placeÃ¢â¬ or heaven. The level of civilization and respectability is based off of religion. Because of HuckÃ¢â¬â¢s different beliefs and morals, Widow Douglas feels it is her responsibility to Ã¢â¬Å"civilizeÃ¢â¬ him in order to change him into a polite, well-mannered individual. Freedom to Huck can be defined as liberation from the corrupt white society represented by Miss Watsons Home as illustrated in Mark TwainÃ¢â¬â¢s satirical novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Widow Douglas chooses to Ã¢â¬Å"civilizeÃ¢â¬ Huck in which he responds by getting into his old clothing that makes him feel Ã¢â¬Å"free and satisfiedÃ¢â¬ (para. 2). Huck views society standards as idiotic and senseless. He prefers defying society because of the freedom he gets to express his individuality. To Huck, his freedom is the equivalence to his happiness. When Huck is describing the woods, he personifies it to be someone who understands his and accepts him for who he really is (para. 8). Huck feels the most free when he is in the woods which is the antithesis of civilization andShow MoreRelatedThe Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain628 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pages Transcendentalism can be observed throughout the text of The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn and through the text textbook examples of Transcendentalism can be seen from the cast of characters and Huck himself and the situations/adventures that he gets himself into throughout his journey, a journey which enables him to develop his Transcendental ideals.. Transcendentalism is a vital part of The novel The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. By reading and studying the content of the Adventures of HuckleberryRead MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain1154 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesToltzman 12 December, 2014 Transcendentalism in Huck Finn Many Readers gain much knowledge from the works Of Mark Twain. Huck Finn is one of the works of the last two hundred years. The author, Mark Twain was a famous Transcendentalist that gained popularity in the 19th century. In research of his works, Mark TwainÃ¢â¬â¢s novels involved many transcendentalist ideas. Huck Finn is one of key factors in the ideals of transcendentalist. The novel, The Adventure of Huckleberry Finn is Mark Twains works to spreadRead MoreTranscendentalism Expressed Through Huck Finn1706 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages2015 Transcendentalism Expressed through Huck Finn Many times an authors purpose of writing a fictitious story is to not only create a story for the reader to enjoy, but to allow the reader to get something out of the story that they may not have thought about on their own. Often times the inside meaning in a story may involve something about society that the author either likes or dislikes and wants you to think about the problem yourself. In the story, Ã¢â¬Å"The Adventures of Huckleberry FinnÃ¢â¬ the authorRead MoreTranscendentalism In Huckleberry Finn1295 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIn the novel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain juxtaposes two environments that tackle many different aspects of life. From Christian reforms, domestic abuse, and slavery to reflective solitude and liberation, Twain brings together a plethora of obstacles for the main character Huckleberry Finn and his companion Jim to encounter and assimilate. The two contrasting settings depict intermingling themes of the repressive civilization on land, the u nrestricted freedom on the raft, and the transcendentalismRead MoreChanging Views And The Changing Blues1657 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages Cameron- 4th Hour Honors American Literature 9 January 2015 The Changing Views and The Changing Blues Mark Twain himself had this to say about his novel: Huckleberry Finn is a book of mine about a boy with a sound heart and a deformed conscience that come into conflict...and conscience suffers defeat.Ã¢â¬ In The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, his view of society starts out as naÃ ¯ve and childish, but as he experiences life on the Mississippi, he grows into a man with a realistic standpoint of whatRead MoreThe American Dream Through Literature1496 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesas Henry David Thorough and Walt Whitman, and works like Moby Dick and The Scarlet Letter, each emphasizing and glorifying individualism. The pioneer of this movement, Ralph Waldo Emerson, a poet and essayist, wrote volumes on the beliefs of transcendentalism. One essay in particular, Ã¢â¬Å"Self-relianceÃ¢â¬ , set in stone the role of the individual in the American Dream (Izaguirre 19). In the essay, Emerson writes, Ã¢â¬Å"There is a time in every manÃ¢â¬â¢s education when he arrives at the conviction that envy is ignorance;Read MoreThe Adventures Of Huckleberry Finn By Mark Twain1545 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSince the creation of mankind, nature has provided us with the resources to survive by providing humans with food and shelter, which is why humans view nature as a home. In Mark TwainÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, the main character Huck tries to escape to the north with a runaway slave named Jim. While in nature, they learn how to trust each other and develop their own opinions instead of following what society believes is right. In EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s short essay, Ã¢â¬Å"NatureÃ¢â¬ , Emerson describesRead MoreEssay on The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn: The Individual Supremacy1956 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagescornerstone of many individualsÃ¢â¬â¢ philosophy and has been proven ubiquitous in the writings of many American authors. Specifically, the author Mark TwainÃ¢â¬â ¢s great American novel, The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, supports this idea of the American Transcendentalism by revealing the maturation of protagonist Huckleberry Finn to incorporate individual thoughts. Twain employs changing stylistic devices in the three parts of the novel to compel the audience to realize that self-conviction is more favorableRead MoreBrief Survey of American Literature3339 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesAmerican literature, usually called the Renaissance of American literature Early Romanticism Henry Wadsworth Longfellow James Russell Lowell John Greenleaf Whittier James Fenimore Cooper Washington Irving William Cullen Bryant New England Transcendentalism Ralph Waldo Emerson Henry David Thoreau Margaret Fuller High Romanticism Walt Whitman Emily Dickinson Nathaniel Hawthorne Herman Melville Edgar Allan Poe Early romantic writers Washington Irving (1783-1859) The first American
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Lonely Quest in Araby Universality of experience makes James Joyces Araby interesting, readers respond instinctively to an experience that could have been their own. It is part of the instinctual nature of man to long for what he feels is the lost spirituality of his world. In all ages man has believed that it is possible to search for and find a talisman, which, if brought back, will return this lost spirituality. The development of theme in Araby resembles the myth of the quest for a holy talisman. In Araby, Joyce works from a visionary mode of artistic creation-a phrase used by psychiatrist Carl Jung to describe the, Ã¢â¬Å"visionary kind of literary creation that derives its material from Ã¢â¬Å"the hinterlandÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This diversity of background materials intensifies the universality of the experience. We can turn to the language and the images of the story to see how the boys world is shown in terms of these diverse backgrounds. There is little that is light in the comer of Dublin that forms the world of the story, little that retains its capability to evoke spirituality. North Richmond Street is blind; the houses stare at one an-other with brown imperturbable faces. The time is winter, with its short days and its early dusk. Only the boy and his laughing, shouting companions glow; they are still too young to have succumbed to the spiritual decay of the adult inhabitants of Dublin. But the boys must play in dark muddy lanes, in dark dripping gardens, near dark odorous stables and ashpits. Joyce had said of Dubliners, the collection of stories from which Araby comes, that he intended to write a chapter in the moral history of my country and I chose Dublin for the scene because that city seemed to me the centre of paralysis. 3 The images of the story show us that the spiritual environment of the boy is paralyzed; it is musty, dark. Everywhere in his dark surroundings the boy seeks the light. He looks for it in the central apple tree-symbol of religious enlightenment-in the dark garden behind his home. The gardenshould be like Eden, but the tree is overshadowed by the desolationof the garden, and thus has become the tree of spiritual death. HelooksShow MoreRelated Comparing James Joyces Araby and Ernest Hemingways A Clean, Well-Lighted Place1363 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesComparing James Joyces Araby and Ernest Hemingways A Clean, Well-Lighted Place As divergent as James Joyces Araby and Ernest Hemingways A Clean, Well-Lighted Place are in style, they handle many of the same themes. Both stories explore hope, anguish, faith, and despair. While Araby depicts a youth being set up for his first great disappointment, and A Clean, Well-Lighted Place shows two older men who have long ago settled for despair, both stories use a number of analogous symbolsRead MoreArabay by James Joyce Essay1487 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages Select Literary Elements of Ã¢â¬Å"ArabyÃ¢â¬ In Ã¢â¬Å"ArabyÃ¢â¬ by James Joyce, the author uses several literary elements to convey the multitude of deep meanings within the short story. Three of the most prominent and commonly used by Joyce are the elements of how the themes were developed, the unbounded use of symbolism, and the effectiveness of a particular point of view. Through these three elements Joyce was able to publish his world famous story and allow his literary piece to be understood and criticizedRead More Youthful Experience in James Joyces Araby Essay1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesYouthful Experience in James Joyces Araby James Joyces, Araby is a simple tale of youthful passion set in the midst of a harsh economic era. The main character of the story is a young boy living in a bleak environment who becomes entangled in the passions, frustrations, and realizations of youth. The bleak setting of the era is enhanced by the narrators descriptions of the young boys surroundings. Araby is a story of the loneliness of youth, the joy of youthful passion, and the realizationRead MoreAlienation of Araby Essay1884 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesAlienation of Araby Although Araby is a fairly short story, author James Joyce does a remarkable job of discussing some very deep issues within it. On the surface it appears to be a story of a boys trip to the market to get a gift for the girl he has a crush on. Yet deeper down it is about a lonely boy who makes a pilgrimage to an eastern-styled bazaar in hopes that it will somehow alleviate his miserable life. James Joyces uses the boy in Araby to expose a story of isolation and lackRead More Themes of Alienation and Control in James Joyces Araby Essay examples1849 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pages Alienation of Ã¢â¬Å"ArabyÃ¢â¬ Although Ã¢â¬Å"ArabyÃ¢â¬ is a fairly short story, author James Joyce does a remarkable job of discussing some very deep issues within it. On the surface it appears to be a story of a boys trip to the market to get a gift for the girl he has a crush on. Yet deeper down it is about a lonely boy who makes a pilgrimage to an eastern-styled bazaar in hopes that it will somehow alleviate his miserable life. James JoyceÃ¢â¬â¢s uses the boy in Ã¢â¬Å"ArabyÃ¢â¬ to expose a story of isolation andRead MoreHuman Intuition2406 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesto describe the epiphanic experience, although it is seemingly a very difficult wonder to describe. Few writers have been able to capture the ability to portray this very thing. William Wordsworth and James Joyce both possessed the ability to express the depth and reality of human intuition. James Joyce also had a modern tendency to structure short stories around epiphanic moments. Wordsworth and Joyce use irony, imagery, and theme f or materials to demonstrate the deep connection between wordsRead MoreJames Joyces Araby And The Yellow Wallpaper1985 Words Ã |Ã 8 Pagessuperego is the practical component which is more set on the morals and values set by others they know, meanwhile, the ego is the weak mediator of the two. The strength of the id is an overbearing topic in Araby by James Joyce and The Yellow Wallpaper by Charlotte Perkins Gilman. The 1914 short story, Araby, follows a young boy going through his preteen years with a growing obsession for ManganÃ¢â¬â¢s sister. Despite the fact that she is much older than himself and is involved in a nearby convent, he ignoresRead MoreEssay on James Joyces Araby3507 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesJames Joyces Araby I doubt there are book logs that commence with a note directing a reader, specifically you, even though I get the impression from Mr. Little to whom riding between pairs of glasses suggesting that in order to gather a bounty against my beloved head I must be obliged to fathoming on how to receive topic sentences with cradling arms and craters of dimples (have to love formalities, even of those lolling head-stumps, after all, it keeps NATO all triteRead More Essay on Character Movement in James Joyces Dubliners3532 Words Ã |Ã 15 PagesCharacter Movement in DublinersÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã In a letter to his publisher, Grant Richards, concerning his collection of stories called Dubliners, James Joyce wrote: My intention was to write a chapter of the moral history of my country and I chose Dublin for the scene because that city seemed to me the centre of paralysis. I have tried to present it to the indifferent public under four of its aspects: childhood, adolescence, maturity, and public life. The stories are arranged in this orderRead MoreANALIZ TEXT INTERPRETATION AND ANALYSIS28843 Words Ã |Ã 116 Pageshe is with himself Ã¢â¬â or about where the major crisis, or turning point of the narrative actually occurs. Nor is there any special reason that the crisis should occur at or near the middle of the plot. It can, in fact, occur at any moment. In James JoyceÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"ArabyÃ¢â¬ and in a number of the other companion stories in Ã¢â¬Å"DublinersÃ¢â¬ the crisis Ã¢â¬â in the form of a sudden illumination that Joyce called an epiphany Ã¢â¬â occurs at the very end of the story, and the falling action and the resolution are dispensed with
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about thePublic Healthfor Homeless Youth. Answer: Introduction Homelessness is one of the challenges that have been faced by the Australians. For a very long time, many people in Australia have been living in a state of primary, secondary and tertiary homelessness. The problem of homelessness affects everyone in the society including the children, youth, adults and the elderly (Slade, et al., 2014). Despite living in deplorable conditions, the homes are still subjected to stigmatization in the community. The Plight of the Homeless Youth There are so many Australian youth who are homeless. There are youth who are categorized as primary, secondary and tertiary homeless depending on the way they live. Generally, the Australian youth end up becoming homeless because of socioeconomic reasons. Research has established that many youth become homeless as a result of family disputes, violence, catastrophes, or crises faced in their respective families (Wood, Batterham, Cigdem Mallett, 2014). For example, when a family breaks up, children can be compelled to leave home and become homeless. Dimensions of the Stigmatization The homeless youth in Australia are subjected to lots of discriminatory practices. The society has developed a stigma towards the homeless youth. They have been seriously discriminated in nearly all the sectors of the economy. The homeless youth are looked down upon denied opportunities to enjoy healthcare services, education, recreation, employment opportunities (Kidd, Kenny McKinstry, 2014). Some employers do not prefer to hire homeless youth because they are viewed as misfits who have no benefits to bring to the organization (Manuel Crowe, 2014). There have been many occasions in which the homeless youth have been denied access to restaurants, shopping malls, and recreational parks. Meaning, they are isolated and excluded from the rest of the community. The discrimination of the homeless youth has negatively impacted on them in many ways. First and foremost, it has affected their well-being. The seclusion and the prejudices suffered have made the homeless youth to suffer psychologically, emotionally, and mentally. The stigmatization has negatively impacted on the health of the youth because it has made them to undergo depression, stress, and trauma (Toolis Hammack, 2015). Besides, the discrimination of the homeless youth has denied an opportunity to prosper. The fact that the homeless youth cannot get jobs implies that they cannot empower themselves and improve their economic status. How the Stigma can be Constructively Addressed The stigmatization and discrimination done to the homeless youth should be stopped because it does not benefit them in any way. To eradicate it, measures should be taken to sensitize the community members to refrain from discriminating upon the homeless youth. The society should not stigmatize the homeless youth because it only causes harm to the victims. The behavior change should be emphasized at personal and institutional levels (Parsell, Jones Head, 2013). The other measure that should be taken to eliminate stigmatization and discrimination of the homeless youth is the formulation and enforcement of protectionist policies by the government. If the government outlaws the practice, no one will discriminate and stigmatize the homeless youth anymore (Corrigan, Powell Michaels, 2014). Conclusion Homelessness has been a major issue of concern in Australia. The homeless youth, just like any other homeless people are stigmatized and discriminated by the rest of the society. The stigmatization has negatively impacted on the prosperity and health of the victims. Policy changes should be put in place to outlaw the practice and sensitize the society to refrain from it. References Corrigan, P. W., Powell, K. J., Michaels, P. J., (2014). Brief battery for measurement of stigmatizing versus affirming attitudes about mental illness. Psychiatry research, 215(2), 466-470. Kidd, S., Kenny, A., McKinstry, C. (2014). From experience to action in recovery-oriented mental health practice: A first person inquiry. Action Research, 12(4), 357-373. Manuel, J., Crowe, M. (2014). Clinical responsibility, accountability, and risk aversion in mental health nursing: A descriptive, qualitative study. International journal of mental health nursing, 23(4), 336-343. Parsell, C., Jones, A., Head, B. (2013). Policies and programmes to end homelessness in Australia: Learning from international practice. International Journal of Social Welfare,22(2), 186-194. Toolis, E. E., Hammack, P. L. (2015). The lived experience of homeless youth: A narrative approach. Qualitative Psychology, 2(1), 50. Wood, G., Batterham, D., Cigdem, M., Mallett, S. (2014). The spatial dynamics of homelessness in Australia 20012011. Slade, M., et al., (2014). Uses and abuses of recovery: implementing recovery?oriented practices in mental health systems. World Psychiatry, 13(1), 12-20.
Wednesday, April 15, 2020
Athens Essay Paper The Athenians were located near the sea in a region of Greece called Attica. Because the Athenians were so close to the sea they became traders trading with other civilizations around the Mediterranean region. Also this encouraged Athens to build a strong naval fleet. Due to their constant travel around the Mediterranean Athens began to learn about other cultures along with learning new ideas while at the same time spreading their own culture and ideas.Sparta: The Spartans were located on a plain between the mountains and the sea where they farmed on the fertile soil. The land on which they were located was called the Peloponnesus and was located a peninsula called the Peloponnesus. The Spartans were built inland so they had no use for the sea. Right next to them was a group of people called the Messenians. The Spartans conquered these people and forced them into slavery. Later the Messenians revolted against the Spartans and the Spartans could barely subdue them.After this all boys were trained to be soldiers for times of war or a Messinian (now called the Helots) revolt. The soldiers had to be well trained especially since the Helots outnumbered the Spartans 20-1. Government Athens: Athens operated under a democratic government. All free Athenian men over 18 years old were considered citizens and only citizens could hold government positions. Women, children, foreigners, and slaves were not allowed government positions. There were three government groups.There was the assembly which included all Athenian citizens, there was the council of 500 which were Athenian citizens above the age of 30 were chosen by lottery, and there was the stategoi which were elected. The assembly composed of at least 6,000 citizens which had a meeting every 10 days. We will write a custom essay sample on Athens Essay specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Athens Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Athens Essay specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer The Assembly debated and voted on laws that were proposed by the council. When voting on yes or no issues the assembly members used rocks to vote. They would use a black rock to stand for no, and a white rock to stand for yes. The council ran the daily business of the government and proposed new laws.An interesting fact about the assembly is that if not enough citizens showed up for a meeting slaves would gather citizens using ropes dipped in red paint. Often men were embarrassed to arrive at a meeting with their clothes covered in red paint. Finally the stategoi was a group of 10 citizens who ran and commanded the army. Since it was crucial to be selective in choosing good military leaders the strategoi were the only government officials to be elected. Sparta: The Spartan government operated very differently than the Athenian government.To start off rather than being a democracy like Athens, Sparta had an oligarchic government or a government ruled by a few people. Like in Athens there were three branches but their roles would be much different. At the top of the pyramid were two kings who inherited their power. One of the kings usually led the Spartan army. Next down on the list was the council of elders. This group was composed of 28 male citizens all of whom were older than 60 and came from a noble family. The council was elected by members of the assembly who many historians believe yelled for their favorite candidate.The candidate that received the most cheering was elected and once elected the councilors served for life. The council of elders held almost all of the power in Sparta, as they made laws for the assembly to vote on, could stop laws passed by the assembly and could overturn any ruling made by the assembly. At the bottom of the government pyramid was the Assembly. Like in Athens the assembly was made up of all free male citizens but the similarities stopped there. To start off the assembly had very little power. Also the assembly could only vote on yes or no laws, and could not debate issues.Also if the assembly voted on a law and the council didnÃ¢â¬â¢t like the ruling they could simply overturn the law without the consent of the assembly. Economy Athens: The Athenian economy was primarily based on trade. The land surrounding Athens could not provide enough food for all of the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s citizens; however Athens was near the sea and had a good harbor. As a result the Athenians traded with other city-states along with a few other civilizations in the Mediterranean region. Some resources the Athenians required were wood from Italy, and grain from Egypt.In exchange the Athenians often gave items such as honey, olive oil, silver and pottery. The Athenians bought and sold their goods at a public marketplace called the Agora. At the Agora people could buy food, household items, clothes and slaves. Some common foods bought at the Agora were lettuce, onions, wine, and olive oil. In addition Athenians also often also purchased pottery, furniture, jewelry and slaves. Athens along with some other city states also made its own coins. Coins made it easier to trade and were made of gold, silver, and bronze and reflected their actual value through the valuable metals.The coins were decorated with a picture of Athena, the patron goddess Athens on the front, and AthenaÃ¢â¬â¢s representative bird, an owl on the back. Sparta: The Spartan Economy ran quite a bit differently than the Athenian Economy. To start off instead of relying on trade the Spartans relied on farming and conquering. All the Spartan men were soldiers so the Spartans got other people to do the resource production for them. When Sparta was first founded the Spartans conquered the nearby region of Messenia and enslaved the natives which the Spartans calledhelots.The helots farmed for the Spartans and sent most of their goods to Sparta while keeping the extras for themselves. Non-citizens calledperioikoito manufactured goods for them. The perioikoi made garments, tools, weapons and pottery for the Spartans. The perioikoi also ran some of the cityÃ¢â¬â¢s trade. However the Spartans discouraged trade because they believed that as a result there would be new ideas which would lead to corruption and weaken the government. Also even if the Spartans wanted to trade it would have been difficult since instead of using coins as their form of money the Spartans used huge iron bars.This system was formed since a long time ago a Spartan leader thought that if they used heavy iron bars it would prevent theft since to steal an amount of value a thief would need a wagon to carry the iron away. However this led to the other city states not being too excited to trade with the Spartans due to receiving iron bars in exchange for their goods. Education: | Athenian Male| Spartan Male| Athenian Female| Spartan Female| Birth| Olive Leaf used to Represent Birth| Tested at birth for signs of weakness. Would be left to die if he had any weaknesses| Represented birth with sheepÃ¢â¬â¢s wool| Checked to see if she was strong.Would be left to die if she was weak| Early Childhood| Raised by mother or Slave until age 6| Would be raised by parents until the age of 7| Taught by mother until age of 13| Received physical training to have strong children| Education| Received a well rounded education in school from ages of 6-14. Learned academics along with physical training| Would go to the barracks at the age of 7 and begin military training| Did not go to school, learned to do housework| Exercised to stay fit| 13-17| No formal education. Could learn a trade from his father. Would continue to train at the barracks| Would have an arranged marriage with| Would participate in Hereia festival in honor of Hera. Festival would be made of athletic events| 18| Would begin military training and service| Would be elected into a mess| Would live with her husband| Would marry a husband in secret| 30| Would marry a younger woman| Could live at home with his family| Live the rest of her life with her husband| Would live with her family| Athens: The Athenians received a very well rounded education.Due to the fact only boys would grow up to become citizens male and females in Athens were educated very differently. An Athenian boy would be taught at home either by slaves or their mothers until the age of 6 or 7. Then the boys would go to school and learn reading, writing, literature, and arithmetic until they turned 14. During this time the boys also learned wrestling and gymnastics to make sure the boys were strong along with learning how to play the lyre and sing. When the boy turned 18 he began his military training.After serving the boy, who was now a man would study with private teachers before starting work on a trade of the boys choice. Girls on the other hand had a very different training. Their mothers would teach the girls to clean, cook, weave cloth and to spin thread. A few girls also learned ancient secret songs and dances for religious festivals. Around the age of 15 girls married a man much older than the woman. Girls from wealthy families often had arranged marriages with men of a higher class, while girls from poorer amilies usually had more choice. Sparta: The Spartan education revolved around the one thing that the Spartans valued above all else, war. Similar to in Athens male and female children went through different education. A boy would be taught a home until the age of 7. At the age of 7 a Spartan boy went to the barracks to receive military training. At the barracks Spartan boys learned fighting skills such as running, boxing, wrestling and racing. The Spartan boys also learned to read and write but the Spartans did not consider such skills important.During their training the Spartans were subjected to harsh conditions such as going barefoot and having very little to eat. The Spartan boys in fact were given so little to eat that they were encouraged to steal. However if they were caught stealing they would be punished. This was not because the boys were caught stealing- but because they were careless enough to get caught! at the age of 18 a few boys who excelled in training were selected to be trained as part of the Ã¢â¬Å"secret service brigadeÃ¢â¬ . This select group trained in the wild with no support which was supposed to make them especially tough.When the boys turned 20 they were considered men and were elected into messes. In a mess the men ate together to make them become close to one another to make them fight together and united in battle. The men would then fight in the army until the age of 60 when they could retire. Conclusion: The Spartans and Athenians were 2 very different groups of people. The Spartans were militaristic people who valued strength and simplicity. They ran under and oligarchic government and were the military superpower of Greece. They relied on farming and conquering.The Athenians on the other hand had a strong culture and a well rounded society. They ran the first democracy in the world, and were proud of their art and culture. The Athenians relied on trade. These two city-states were great civilizations and working together they could have achieved more than we could imagine. However this would never happen and greed, jealousy, and the lust for power would put to 2 superpowers of ancient Greece head to head in ferocious civil war and lead to the end of Greece. GreeceÃ¢â¬â¢s map AthenÃ¢â¬â¢s AthenÃ¢â¬â¢s map SpartaÃ¢â¬â¢s map
Thursday, March 12, 2020
Neighborhood Watch Essays - Community Development, Local Government Neighborhood Watch The Neighborhood Watch: One of the most effective crime prevention tools being utilized today is the Neighborhood Watch. The Neighborhood Watch was designed to help strengthen the relationships between neighbors and in the process build community wide crime prevention. Law enforcement officials have for years relied on the community to assist in apprehending criminals after the crime has been committed. With a Neighborhood Watch, this assistance is proactive instead of reactive, meaning that the watch can stop the crime before it occurs. A Neighborhood Watch can be formed around any geographical unit: a block, apartment, public housing complex or neighborhood. A watch group serves as an extra set of eyes and ears for reporting crime and helping neighbors. The effectiveness of a Neighborhood Watch is depends on its members. The Neighborhood Watch serves as a springboard for efforts that address community concerns such as recreation for youth, child care, and affordable housing. A Neighborhood Watch can easily be set up, first contact your neighbors, then then contact your local law enforcement agency and check about setting up a Neighborhood Watch meeting. In order for a group to be certified as a neighborhood watch, most agencies require a minimum of two initial meetings. After the two initial meetings, it is up to each neighborhood to elect a captain for the Neighborhood Watch. Once this is done, the captain will receive signs that will announce to would be criminals that the neighborhood is on the watch. (National Crime Prevention) There are some tips that are important to keep in mind, which help the Neighborhood watch succeed. First, organize regular meetings that focus on current issues such as drug abuse, crime in schools, recreational activities for young people, and neighborhood problems. Second organize community patrols to walk around streets or apartment complexes and report suspicious activity to police. People in cars with cellular phones or CB radios can also patrol. Also, adopt a park or street in the neighborhood. Pick up litter, repair broken equipment, paint over graffiti, to make the neighborhood look nicer. If your
Tuesday, February 25, 2020
How Neorealism before 1950 Affected Film History - Essay Example Instead of overblown and idealistic propaganda films celebrating the ideals of a fascist state, film makers turned to the simple lives of rural peasants, and the struggles of ordinary workers in the cities. The three most famous neorealist directors are Roberto Rossellini, Vittorio De Sica and Luchina Visconti. One critic notes that the neorealist movement is widely regarded to have started with RosselliniÃ¢â¬â¢s gritty and unsentimental about a resistance prieced Rome, Open City in 1945. This kind of film became famous for Ã¢â¬Å"a sparse style of shooting on actual locations, with mostly nonprofessional players, and emphasizing themes of basic human problems and issues.Ã¢â¬ (Hamilton, 2006, p. 61) Children often feature, as in the film Shoeshine by Vittorio De Sica, which tells the at times harrowing tale of two boys who dream of owning a horse and fall into the hands of some corrupt policemen. The realistic portrayal of the sufferings of the boys in prison, raises issues abou t the kind of society that Italy can and should be setting up now that the war is over. Another critic notes: Ã¢â¬Å"neorealism became the repository of partisan hopes for social justice in the postwar Italian state.Ã¢â¬ (Marcus, 1986, p. xiv). The films of Rossellini deal with the devastation that has been caused by the war in Europe, and he made a trilogy which explored how the poorer people in Italy and German came to terms with the turmoil. These films do not have a traditional narrative line, but show episodes which between them build up a picture of life in those difficult days. Small visual items can have symbolic meaning far beyond the immediate context of the film, and the skill of Rossellini and others was to use the camera to illuminate deeper issues through images. The camera work is the opposite of HollywoodÃ¢â¬â¢s slick and artificial interiors, preferring the rather stark and ugly landscape of the war-torn countryside, and the dirty streets where people have to s cratch a living any way they can. The films were popular at the time, despite their lack of a clear plot. People learned to look at the films in a new way, as a window on life itself: Ã¢â¬Å"Even the Italian neorealist directors, who stress everyday reality in their films and deny the validity of invented stories, argue that their particular brand of everyday reality is not boring because of its complex echoes and implicationsÃ¢â¬ (Boggs and Petrie, 2000, p. 37) Another feature of the neorealist directorsÃ¢â¬â¢ work was that it had universal appeal, despite being very firmly tied to local scenery. RosselliniÃ¢â¬â¢s vision of a bombed and derelict Berlin in Germany, Year Zero, for example, juxtaposes a blond child and the colossal ruins of the city, with tragic consequences. The overwhelming message of the film is the destruction and futility of war. Heaps of rubble obliterate the civilization that was there before, leaving the boy adrift and hopeless, with no past and no futu re. The second film in RosselliniÃ¢â¬â¢s trilogy, Paisan, depicts the American soldiersÃ¢â¬â¢ encounter with demoralized Italian rural people in different regions, distilling the experiences of the war years in to the faces and conversations of unsophisticated farm workers. The human cost of the war is depicted starkly, and there is newsreel footage interspersed with the fictional episodes. The director makes every effort to present the material in a clear, unadorned way, so that